Excerpt from Foreword

Published August 3, 2016

HOOKED: A concise guide to the underlying mechanics of addiction and treatment for patients, families, and providers | Arwen Podesta, MD

Excerpt from Foreword:

For many years, addiction has been seen and treated as a social disease.
Punishment and social treatment were the tenet of treatment.
Nixon started the war on drugs in 1971, and with more enforcement,
we have more prisoners in jail because of drug addiction,
most not receiving treatment.

In very recent years, the pendulum has started swinging the other
way, toward understanding that addiction is indeed a disease of the
brain and that medical treatment of addiction is effective and
preferable to social stigmatization and incarceration.